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Although the architectural pieces of the time are not many in comparison to the demand, nevertheless a beginning can be said to have started with the multiplicity of types which after the independence gradually embraced all aspects of life involving public and private enterprises including commercial. The independence opened up a new vista for the local architects who with the passages of time moved to meet the demand following both the traditional and International styles. The scarcity of space with the ever increasing population have created problems for the planners and architects, and the result is presently getting out of hands in Dhaka with the number of multi-storeyed buildings coming up rapidly making the city in the words of REHAB itself ‘a jungle of bricks’. The Real Estate Housing is making a booming business but probably at the cost of longevity of the city. In the absence of environment the architects are getting tight-hand and there is little scope for building good architectural pieces.

A new feature of the independent period architecture is the architect’s freedom of choice creating diversity of types occasionally, not unmindful of local tradition and the spirit of independence. The central Shahid Minar, the National Memorial at Savar, and the Martyrs’ Memorial at Rayerbazar although are not in real sense architectural pieces, but are certainly works of artistic merit involving national honour and pride. The use of terracotta plagues, murals, hut-tops and Colonial arches are now a days becoming fashion and are generating the innovative powers of the architects. Given proper environment and opportunity, needless to say, they despite constraints will be able to rise to the occasion, and contribute to the beautification of the physical and visual aspect of life.



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BIBLIOGRAPHY


Ashraf, Kazi K. (1994). ‘Louis I Kahn, National Capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh 1962-83’ in GA-Global Architecture, no:72, A.D.A. Edita Tokyo Co. Ltd.

Azim, Ferdous (1991). “Bangladesh - Building the Nation” in Architecture for SAARC Nations: A special issue of A+D, New Delhi.

Banglapedia (2003). Published by the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka. Brownlee, David B. and De Long, David (1991) Louis I. Kahn. In the Realm of

Architecture. New York: Rizzoli International Publications.

Choudhury, Bayezid I. (1999). ‘The Architecture of C.A. Doxiadis in Bangladesh: a Critical Evaluation’, Unpublished M. Arch Dissertation of Department of Architecture, BUET.


Hasan, Kazi A.F. Zahedul, (1968). “Architecture in East Pakistan Since 1947” in the Proceedings of the Third Seminar on Architecture, Organized by The Pakistan Council on 27 February– 2 March 1968, Dhaka. p.92.

Hussain, Rabiul (1984). “Bangladesher Sthapatya Shilpa” (The Architecture of Bangladesh) in Nirman Shilpay Bangladesh (Construction Industry in Bangladesh), 6th Special Issue of Aniomito Aniket, A Publication of Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. Dhaka, April-May 1984. p57-65.

Hussain, Rabiul (1996). “Bangladesher Sthapatya Shangshkrity”(The culture of Architecture in Bangladesh) published by Sondesh, Dhaka.

Nilsson, Sten (1973). The New Capitals of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Lund: Studentlitterature

Ullah, Mohammed Foyez (1997). ‘Search for the contemporary frame work in the Work of Muzharul Islam’, Unpublished M. Arch Dissertation of Department of Architecture, BUET.

Wares, Shamsul, (1984). “Bangladesher Panchash abong Shat Dashaker Sthapatyer Katha” (The history of Architecture of Bangladesh in fifty’s and Sixty’s) in Nirman Shilpay Bangladesh (Bangladesh in Construction Industry), 6th Special Issue of Aniomito Aniket, A Publication of Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. Dhaka, April-May 1984. p71-80.

Zahiruddin, S.A et al ed. (1990). ‘Contemporary Architecture in Bangladesh’, Published by Institute of Architects Bangladesh, Dhaka.



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Jatiyo Smritisoudha (National Memorial) at Savar, by Syed Mainul Husain

Photo: Z.I. Bhuiyan



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(right) Jatiyo Smritisoudha, side views


(bottom) Bangabhavan


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(left) Dhaka University Central Mosque


(bottom) Dhaka University Science Annex Bhavan


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(right) MP’s Hostel in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, by

Louis Kahn


(bottom) Rajshahi University Cafeteria, by

Daniel Dunham



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(right) Rajshahi University Auditorium


(bottom) Mosque in the Education Extension Centre (NAEM) by Constantine Doxiades, now demolished



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(right) Present-day NAEM Mosque


(bottom) Jahangirnagar University Hall of Residence by Muzharul

Islam



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(right) Mausoleum of three leaders (HS Suhrawardi, AK Fazlul Huq, Khwaja Nazimuddin) by Masood Ahmed and SA Zahiruddin


(bottom) Central Shahid Minar, designed by Hamidur Rahman


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(left) Prashika Bhavan,

Mirpur


(right) BCS Computer City,

Agargaon


(bottom) Multi-storeyed ‘NAM Residences’ in Manik Mian Avenue



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ARCHITECTURE THE CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE 555


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(right) Nagar Bhavan, by Abu H. Imamuddin


(bottom) A multi-storeyed office-cum residence in Panthapath, by Concord (left), and Rangs Water Front, Gulshan


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(right) Basundhara City in Panthapatha, by

Vistaara


(bottom) Bhasani Nauvo Theatre at Vijoy Sarani



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(left) Blue Tiles Building in Gulshan


(right) A fanciful multi­ storeyed residence with colonial features in Dhanmondi, Dhaka


(bottom) A Pagoda- spired fanciful residence in Dhanmondi



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(right) Hotel Redison on the Airport Road, Dhaka


(bottom) Fanciful residential quarters in Khilkhet by Concord


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(top) Islamic University of Technology (IUT) by Doruk Pamir


(left) IUT gate


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Rural Architecture: Dochala example of a

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rural-hut


Rural Architecture: Chauchala example of a

rural-hut with a

verandah



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