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Pithawalir Bridge. This bridge is located in the Baro-Majlis village of Mograpara union near modern Sonargaon Women’s College. The bridge is constructed over the Pankhiraj Khal on a road from Hajiganj to Baridyerbazar. It consists of three arches, the middle arch being wider and higher. The bridge connected the madrasa complex at Baro-Majlis village and the administrative unit of medieval Sonargaon.

Taltollah Bridge, Munshiganj. This bridge is originally believed to have been built by Raja Vallal Sen over Taltollah Khal. It is now a Mughal structure and consists of three corbelled arches out of which two spans rise up to 4.57m and the central one 9.14m. In order to secure direct communication between Kolkata and Dhaka by boat, the larger arch was blown-up by the English in early years of their rule. This opened up frontiers to Myanmar for them.

Mirkadim Bridge Munshiganj. This bridge is also traditionally known as Vallali Bridge probably after the said King Vallal Sen, who lived before the conquest of Bengal by the Muslims. It comprised of a central pointed semi-circular arch. It is 4.26m in width and 8.53m in height above the bed of the Mirkadim Khal, with two- side arches each spanning 2.26m in width and 5.18m in height. The piers are 1.82m thick. The length of the bridge measures 52.7m. The abutments, piers, arches, and two northern wings are intact to this day. The appellation is a misnomer like the one at Taltollah and it is supported by the shape of the extant Mughal arch.

Ranir Jangaler Shetu. This bridge is situated in Ranir Hat of Sirajganj Upazila in Pabna District. This is again a camber type bridge and consists of three Mughal arches, the middle one being higher and larger. It is dated towards the end of the 18th century.

3.1.6 The Nimsarai Minar at Old Maldah

This minar is one of the earliest structures built during the Mughal period at Old Maldah. It is much similar to that of Emperor Akbar at Fathpur Sikri (1568-85 CE) and stands on the west bank of the Mahananda River, immediately below the junction of the Kalindi. The minar is called Nimsarai because it is situated exactly half way (nim) between Gaur- Lakhanuti and Pandua-Firuzabad, and that there was a sarai (resting place) adjacent to it.

The minar is built in bricks and stands on an octagonal platform, each side measuring 5.50m and containing arched cells. Above the platform it is circular with a base diameter of 5.50m and a circumference of 17.50m with studded elephant tusks over the whole body. The upper part of the minar fell down long ago, but the two lower storeys, still standing, are slightly tapering, and about 18m. in height. The storeys are marked by a projecting cornice round the shaft at about the middle of the height over which is a window to let air and light inside. A spiral staircase inside the minar leads up towards the top.

The purpose of the minar is clear. It was an indication tower for the travellers coming from away, and is likely that at night a lantern (chirag) was placed at it’s top for the guidance.3 It is further said that in times of danger or invasion fires were lighted up on


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